Witnesses at Public Hearing Say Ethics Commission Not Living Up to it's Mission
A panel commissioned to review practices at New York’s troubled ethics commission held it’s one and only public hearing Wednesday, as its Chair says lack of staff and excess of paperwork may make it difficult to meet the group’s November 1st deadline.
Its website to help the public decipher the state’s complicated lobbying structure is nearly incomprehensible, its built- in commissioner vetoes of politically sensitive investigations causes it to operate “like no other respected” ethics body, and the near constant closed door meetings give it the “appearance of obfuscation and shielding”.
Those are just some of the comments from witnesses before a panel tasked with reviewing the state’s controversial Joint Commission on Public Ethics, or JCOPE.
Laura Able, with the Lawyers Alliance, an advocacy group for low income New Yorkers, likened JCOPE to a “puppy”.
“Who’s so busy yapping at passersby that when the burglar walks through the front door it's too tired to do anything about it,” Able said.
Able says JCOPE spends too much time “chasing down information “from small, community based organizations, when the information is also easily available publicly elsewhere, and ignores larger, more egregious violations.
JCOPE has the authority to go after bigger fish, but is not using it says Daniel Karson with the New York City Bar Association’s Committee on Government Ethics. He says 13 state lawmakers have been convicted of crimes or fined for what he calls “self-dealing” , where the legislator set up a not for profit in their name or in a family member’s name, then directed state funds to the organizations.
Karson says JCOPE has the power to ban lawmakers from engaging in outside activities that create the “appearance of impropriety”, because they or a family member would personally profit from the arrangement.
“We believe that JCOPE can take direct action now without any enabling legislation, to end this abuse,” Karson said.
And he says at a time of rising corruption convictions, which include the indictment of both leaders of the legislature in 2015, JCOPE’s number of actual investigations has been low, and with the exception of a $300,000 fine against former Assemblyman Vito Lopez, accused of sexual harassment, the fines have been “meager” and often directed at small community organizations that don’t have the money to pay the fines.
“And so these penalties are illusory,” said Karson. “And they are not serving as a deterrent to unethical conduct in the state.”
Evan Davis, former President of the New York City Bar Association, and a former counsel to Governor Mario Cuomo says JCOPE also conflicts of interest involving camping contributions to elected officials, instead sloughing it off to the State Board of Elections, which has a poor track record of pursuing any alleged violations.
“There’s no basis in the law for that conclusion,” Davis said.
Talia Warber, withthe reform group Citizen’s Union, says JCOPE’s website is poorly designed and difficult to decipher, and the commission could use more IT support to upgrade and organize the data from lobbying groups that it collects, so that the public can be better informed.
“It is a confusing system,” Warber said. “It’s very hard to do a broad assessment of lobbying activities.”
Citizens Union also recommends that JCOPE commissioners make themselves subject to the state’s Freedom of Information and Open Meetings Laws, and stop doing most of their business in private executive sessions, which it makes it look like they are hiding something.
The review panel is due to issue its final report in two weeks, but panel Chair and former State Senator Dale Volker cast doubt on that deadline, saying the panel has no paid staff, and is inundated with paperwork.
“I did ask the governor for staff,” said Volker. “Because JCOPE in the meantime got three new people. I want to be very honest about it.”
A minor controversy was created recently when JCOPE’s commissioners learned that the outgoing executive director, a close Cuomo associate, had without telling anyone, hired three new paid employees for the ethics commission.
Chairman Volker says despite all the obstacles, he’s “hopeful” that the report will be finished by November 1st. Volker, at the beginning of the meeting, also stressed that the review panel's mission is not to "redefine" the structure of JCOPE, but rather to assess how well the commission is performing.